Location : Libreville
Creation : 2000
Local issues : Originally organised in Benin and Togo, the trafficking has spread to most of the countries in the sub- region (Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Mali and Nigeria). The exploiters are often foreigners that employ children in their native country.
The number of child victims of human trafficking present in the Gabonese territory is obviously poorly known.Numbers vary between 3000 and 45 000 children. Each year, hundreds of children are sent illegally to Gabon for work, mainly in commerce or domestic work. These minors exploited for financial purposes are often subjected to other forms of violence, even sexual abuse from the father of the host family.
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City: Port Gentil
Local issues: Gabon has few detention centres and limited capacity. The existing centres are massively overpopulated and rights abuses are often denounced. Indeed, citizens can be remanded on the basis of a simple report from a judicial police officer. Pre-trial detention can be extended by the investigating magistrate. However, since the courts are overloaded and the judicial machine is hardly efficient, extended pre-trial detention are common. Around one third of the detainees in the nine prisons of the country are awaiting trial, their pre-trial detention sometimes lasting for up to three years. Legal assistance for poverty-stricken defendants is set out in a 1982 Law and a 2012 Decree. It has, however, no effect because impoverished people are unaware of the law in question and face financial difficulties to deal with the real cost of Gabonese justice.
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